What Is Taekwondo

A Korean Martial Art of Foot and Fist

Taekwondo is a Korean martial art that was officially recognized in 1955 by General Choi Hong Hi and other founding masters. The name Taekwondo means “foot, fist, art” and reflects the use of kicks and punches in combat. Taekwondo is not only a sport, but also a way of life that teaches discipline, self-confidence, and justice.

The History of Taekwondo

Taekwondo originated from the ancient Korean martial arts that were practiced for centuries. In the 20th century, Korea was occupied by Japan, which banned the practice of martial arts. After Korea regained its independence in 1945, many martial artists began to revive and modernize the traditional arts. General Choi Hong Hi, who was a major general in the Korean army, played a key role in developing and promoting Taekwondo as a national and international martial art. He founded the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) in 1966, which spread Taekwondo to many countries around the world. In 1973, another organization, the World Taekwon-Do Federation (WTF), was formed and became the official governing body of Taekwondo in the Olympics.

The Philosophy of Taekwondo

Taekwondo is more than just a physical activity. It is also a mental and spiritual discipline that follows the principles of the Oriental code of honor and humility. Taekwondo practitioners strive to cultivate five tenets: courtesy, integrity, perseverance, self-control, and indomitable spirit. Taekwondo also teaches the concept of Do, which means “the way” or “the art”. Do represents the ultimate goal of Taekwondo, which is to achieve harmony and balance between the body, mind, and spirit.

The Benefits of Taekwondo

Taekwondo offers many benefits for people of all ages and backgrounds. Some of the benefits are:

  • Physical fitness: Taekwondo improves cardiovascular health, strength, flexibility, agility, and coordination. It also helps prevent obesity, diabetes, and other chronic diseases.
  • Self-defense: Taekwondo equips students with the skills and confidence to defend themselves and others from harm. It also teaches them to avoid violence and resolve conflicts peacefully.
  • Mental health: Taekwondo reduces stress, anxiety, and depression. It also enhances concentration, memory, and creativity.
  • Social skills: Taekwondo fosters friendship, teamwork, and leadership. It also promotes respect, tolerance, and diversity.


Taekwondo is a Korean martial art that combines foot and fist techniques with philosophy and culture. It is a sport, a hobby, and a lifestyle that can enrich anyone’s life. If you are interested in learning more about Taekwondo, you can find a local school or club near you and start your journey today.

Mr Hollinsworth 6th Degree
International Instructor & Examiner